If you are a Monstera lover, then you will want to know all about your favorite plant and its varieties.
With the Monstera, you may have noticed that there are a multitude of different varieties of this plant, and we love all of them!
What is the Monstera?
As you may know, the Monstera deliciosa is one of the most popular indoor house plants currently available on the market. You can find countless images of the Monstera on Instagram and Pinterest, as these are much loved for their beautiful split leaves and unique patterns.
The Monstera deliciosa is a type of flowering plant that is native to tropical regions such as Mexico. The term deliciosa literally means delicious which refers to their edible, beautiful fruit that these plants grow.
The Monstera is also considered the Swiss cheese plant as it often develops splits and holes in the patterns of the leaves, which is what makes the Monstera deliciosa so distinctive.
The Monstera is very unique, and easily recognizable for its incredible leaves, you can actually get Monsteras that are variegated, too.
What is variegation?
Variegation is the term to describe the appearance of different colored parts of plant leaves. Although stunning to behold, variegation does not take place often in nature, and is caused by genetic mutation. This genetic mutation will often create a variation in color on the leaves of a plant.
Variegation in its basic sense is the process of plant leaves and stems containing more than one color. A plant with variegation may have splashes of lighter colors such as white, cream, yellow, or lighter green on the leaves. These colors can be stripes, spots or splats of differentiation.
However, almost every variegated plant you see will have been genetically modified or created in a lab through selective breeding to get that unique look, and the Monstera is no different.
Variegated plants such as the Monstera are rare in nature because having those lighter patches are not an evolutionary good trait for them. This is because plants will basically require chlorophyll to thrive, and this is what gives them their bright green color so that they can use the sun to carry out photosynthesis.
With those white and lighter areas of the leaves, the plant will have to work so much harder to create chlorophyll in the process of photosynthesis. That being said, even variegated Monstera plants can survive well as houseplants if they are given enough sunlight.
So if you are up for the challenge, then you will love to hear all about the different Monstera Deliciosa variegated plants, as one of these may be the next purchase for you plant collection!
Monstera Deliciosa Variegata
The term Monstera Deliciosa Variegata is basically the name for a naturally variegated Monstera deliciosa plant. This means that the variation has happened completely naturally and not on purpose through the natural process of mutation rather than the type performed in a lab.
Therefore, this is incredibly rare to find, but the results are beautiful. These types of Monstera will naturally develop large blocks of white marks, stripes or splashes of light colors.
Monstera Deliciosa Borsigiana (Monstera Albo)
The Monstera Deliciosa Borsigiana, or the Monstera Albo is a subspecies of monstera that will tend to mutate more often. This is the monstera variation that most people die for! The leaves tend to be a little smaller than a regular Monstera deliciosa, but this type of plant can grow much faster.
The main difference between the Monstera Deliciosa Borsigiana and the regular monstera plant is the stem. A real monstera deliciosa will have sort of ruffles on the sides of the stem, which is not present in the Borsigiana variation.
These types of variegated monsteras are also some of the most common, and will be much easier to come across, as they are much easier to propagate.
Monstera Deliciosa Thai Constellation
The Monstera Deliciosa Thai Constellation is a version of the Monstera deliciosa that is modified, yet the leaves are quite similar to a traditional monstera deliciosa.
The Thai name comes from the fact that this Monstera was developed in a lab in Thailand, and is a popular plant that is purchased all over the world.
This is the Monstera plant that you will see on blogs, in pictures and online for its beautiful, full, green leaves with unique, striking white stripes and speckles of cream.
It is for this reason that these types of Monstera deliciosas have a hefty price tag, but this plant will command a focal space in any home!
Monstera Adansonii Variegated
The Monstera Adansonii is another version of the Monstera deliciosa, and is often dubbed the Monstera Monkey Mask.
This is a very rare variegated monstera, and is rather difficult to find, so if you see one, snap it up!
How to care for Variegated Monstera Varieties
If you are lucky enough to find a variegated monstera variety for your home, then you will need to know how to care for it. You will want to care for the varieties of the monster just as you would for traditional monstera deliciosa plants.
This means providing a lot of sunlight for them, and keeping them in a bright room with lots of indirect sunlight, or utilize a growth light to keep them thriving: EZORKAS 9 Dimmable Levels Grow Light
You will also want to use a fast draining soil such as: Professional Grower Mix Soil Fast Draining Pre-Mixed Coarse Blend
Along with a Monstera specific fertilizer: Houseplant Resource Center Monstera Plant Food with NPK 5-2-3 Ratio
You will want to water the top 3 inches of soil when they become dry, and remember to provide your monstera with a moss pole that it can grow and climb on!
However, you will have to remember that variegated monstera varieties are a lot harder than their traditional counterparts to find, and to care for.
That being said, when you do it right, and see your monstera variety truly thriving, it can be incredibly rewarding, so if you find one, give it your best shot.